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The role of design of signage system in urban public service system

30.12.2019 22:30

Cities are organisms composed of a variety of complex systems. Cities mainly include: production, service, management, coordination, distribution and innovation functions. The realization of all these functions is inseparable from the flow of people in the city. The flow of people is like blood circulation, which injects an endless stream of vitality into the city. The identification system that provides guidance and guidance for this flow, The urban public service system plays an important and unique role in the operation of the city, providing an important guarantee for the realization of modern city functions.
Concepts and categories of urban identification systems
Signage Systems in a broad sense refer to an information prompting system that guides people's behaviors by sorting and designing information such as location, direction, and route in the space environment. Specifically, the city identification system refers to the setting of a visual image system in the form of text, graphics, and symbols that can clearly indicate functions such as content, location, direction, and principles in a city. The identification system is the guide of urban order, the frame of reference for citizens' daily life, and the embodiment of urban cultural taste.
From the perspective of specific functions, urban identification systems can be roughly divided into the following three categories:
1. Positioning system-indicates the name and provides identification information of the place. Such as building name signs, street signs, house numbers, waiting halls, toll booths, bathroom names or symbol signs.
2. Guidance system—Guide directions and routes to guide the flow of people. Such as subway station entrance and exit directions (arrows) instructions, mall elevator directions.
3. Prompt system-as the carrier of various types of information release. Such as non-smoking signs in public places, instructions for use of public facilities, and various publicity boards, bulletin boards, etc.
Divided by the level and scope of the role, the city identification system can be divided into the following two categories:
1. Municipal basic identification system-is a part of urban infrastructure construction, including various types of road traffic signs, street signs, house numbers, public information columns, public building signs, etc., to provide citizens with the most basic guidance and information services.
2. Functional place identification system-stations, parks, hospitals, schools, libraries, shopping malls, enterprises and other public or commercial places within the identification system, to provide guidance and information services for the people in the place.
The role of identification system in urban public service system
As a part of the city's public service system, the identification system plays a role that cannot be ignored-it provides guidance and tips for people's movement and location conversion in the city, and provides an invisible guarantee for the fast pace and high efficiency of modern cities. Imperceptibly affects the lives of everyone in the city. Its role in the urban public service system mainly includes the following three aspects:
1.Enhancing the function of the city and improving the operating efficiency of the city
The most basic function of the identification system is to help people quickly understand the surrounding environment and obtain action guidelines through the integration and design of spatial environment information, so that people can move quickly and freely in a dense urban environment. An important feature of modern cities is high density, especially in the core areas of cities where businesses are concentrated. High density of population, high density of buildings, and high density of transportation. In this environment, when people are not seeing enough, When the place is unobstructed and you are not familiar with it, it is difficult to find the place you want to go without proper guidance information. It is believed that many people have had the experience of finding toilets in shopping malls. The result of this situation is that time is wasted in the process of searching and inquiring, which reduces the efficiency of action and affects people's impression and experience of this place.
2. Ensure the safety and order of urban public places
The identification system not only provides guidance and help for people, it also plays an important role in ensuring the safety and order of public places with dense crowds in cities. Public places such as stations, theaters, stadiums, and commercial pedestrian streets are the most densely populated in the city. If there is no effective guidance and diversion of people in these places, congestion and other situations are very easy to occur; in unexpected situations (such as fire, power outages, etc. ), Even caused serious accidents. When people can't obtain the exact information about their environment, they will have a panic reaction. Dense crowds will magnify this reaction infinitely, with unpredictable consequences. A series of injuries at home and abroad caused by congestion and stampede. The accident originated from this. Conversely, if people can understand the situation and evacuation deployment through the broadcast reminder system, and find the exit nearest to them through the safety exit guide signs, they can minimize the harm caused by accidents.
3. Highlight the level of urban design and enhance the city's cultural taste
 The identification system is the result of the integrated design of environmental information. It is a high degree of integration of information management, environmental engineering and design aesthetics. Like the design of other public domains such as architecture and sculpture, it highlights the design standards of a place and a city. Cultural taste. People can often learn about the city ’s history, culture, and development through the architecture of a city, as well as judge the level of civilization and cultural taste of the city through the strengths and weaknesses of the city ’s public design, including the identification system. Because of its unique function, the identification system is often the first thing outsiders in the city will pay attention to. A modern city in the true sense should not only be a capital of commerce and consumption, but also a capital of culture and design. The design level of a city's logo system reflects the cultural taste and design level of a city, as well as the city's softness. The display of strength has special significance.